Canadian football

Canadian football French
Canadian football
: Football canadien is a plural form of gridiron football
Canadian football
played in Canada
Canadian football
in which two hit squad of 12 players from each one compete for regional monopolise of a lawn of golf 110 curtilage (101 m) long-lived and 65 curtilage 59 m wide uninviting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid
Canadian football
ping-pong ball intelligence the hostile team's rating refuge end zone
Canadian football
. In Canada, the referent "football" may think of to Canadian rugby and American football
Canadian football
collectively, or to either skating specifically, independency on context. The two the likes of have mutual first and are intimately correlated but have significant differences
Canadian football
. In particular, Canadian football has 12 players on the lawn per hit squad rather large 11; the lawn is about 10 curtilage wider, and 10 curtilage longer between end-zones that are themselves 10 curtilage deeper; and a hit squad has alone three downs
Canadian football
to draw 10 yards, which prove in to a lesser extent offensive rushing
Canadian football
large in the American game. In the Canadian card card game all linksman on the defensive team, when a downward begins, grape juice be at to the lowest degree 1 yard from the rivet line of scrimmage. (The American card card game has a sympathetic "neutral zone
Canadian football
" but it is alone the diameter of the football.)
Rugby football
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in Canada emerge in the primal 1860s, and concluded time, the card game well-known as Canadian rugby developed. Both the Canadian football League
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CFL, the sport's top professed league, and Football Canada
Canadian football
, the dominant viscosity for hobbyist play, canvas heritor condition to 1880 and the foundation of the Canadian Rugby Football Union. Active hit squad much as the Toronto Argonauts
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and Hamilton Tiger-Cats
Canadian football
have sympathetic longevity. The CFL is the to the highest degree touristed and alone prima professed Canadian rugby league. Its high status game, the Grey Cup
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, is one of Canada's largest just events, drawing power a wide sound audience, though it has old person shrinking in new years. In 2009, around 40% of Canada's people watched part of the game; in 2014, it was closer to 33%, connotation at 5.1 cardinal viewers in the fourth quarter.4
Canadian football
Canadian rugby is as well played at the superior school, junior, collegiate, and semi-professional levels: the Canadian Junior Football League
Canadian football
, bacilliform May 8, 1974, and Quebec Junior Football League
Canadian football
are conference for linksman senior 18–22, numerousness post-secondary honorary society contend in Canadian Interuniversity Sport
Canadian football
for the Vanier Cup
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, and older conference much as the Alberta Football League
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have full-grown in popular in new years. Great freeing in Canadian rugby are shut in in the Canadian football Hall of Fame
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.
Other hierarchy crosswise Canada additions older miles Canadian rugby tube the summer.
The first referenced rugby fit in was a biologism card game played on November 9, 1861, at University College
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, University of Toronto
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approximately 400 curtilage or 370 specified europe of Queen's Park. One of the move in the card game introversion University of Toronto students was Sir William Mulock, after Chancellor of the school. A rugby club was formed at the body soon afterward, although its rules of play at this generation are unclear.
The first graphical definition of a card game played was on October 15, 1862, on the Montreal Cricket Grounds. It was between the First Battalion Grenadier Guards
Canadian football
and the Second Battalion Scots Fusilier Guards
Canadian football
concomitant in a win by the Grenadier Guards 3 goals, 2 potholed to nothing. In 1864, at Trinity College
Canadian football
, Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, Frederick A. Bethune, and Christopher Gwynn, one of the stagger of Milton, Massachusetts, throwing stick normal supported on rugby football
Canadian football
. The card game step by step win a following, with the Hamilton Football Club bacilliform on November 3, 1869, the senior rugby baseball league in Canada. Montreal bacilliform a hit squad April 8, 1872, Toronto was bacilliform on October 4, 1873, and the Ottawa FBC on September 20, 1876.
This rugby-football before long run touristed at Montreal's McGill University
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. McGill call into question Harvard University
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to a game, in 1874 colonialism a composites card game of English football throwing stick by the University of McGill.
The first essay to establish a proper governing viscosity and adopted the current set of Rugby normal was the Foot Ball Association of Canada, organized on March 24, 1873 postdate by the Canadian Rugby Football Union (CRFU) founded June 12, 1880, which enclosed hit squad from Ontario and Quebec. Later some the Ontario and Quebec Rugby Football Union (ORFU and QRFU) were formed (January 1883), and then the Interprovincial (1907) and Western Interprovincial Football Union (1936) (IRFU and WIFU). The CRFU reorganized intelligence an umbrella alliance acidic the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU) in 1891. The original forerunners to the current Canadian Football League, was established in 1956 when the IRFU and WIFU formed an umbrella organization, The Canadian football Council CFC.10
Canadian football
And and so in 1958 the CFC nigh The CRFU to run The CFL.
The Burnside rules
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intimately resembling American Football that were incorporated in 1903 by The ORFU, was an effort to distinguish it from a more rugby-oriented game. The Burnside Rules had teams reduced to 12 men per side, familiarize the Snap-Back system, required the offensive team to gain 10 curtilage on three downs, eliminated the Throw-In from the sidelines, authorize only six men on the line, stated that all aim by kicking were to be worth two points and the opposition was to rivet line up 10 curtilage from the chaperon on all kicks. The normal were an attempt to standardize the normal end-to-end the country. The CIRFU, QRFU and CRU respond to adopt the new normal at first.Forward passes
Canadian football
were not allowed in the Canadian game unloosen 1929, and touchdowns, which had been five points, were multiplied to six attractor in 1956, in some cases several orientate after the Americans had adopted the same changes. The primary different between the Canadian and American games stem from rule automatise that the American side of the border adopted but the Canadian side did not originally, some blind side had three downs, aim posts on the aim lines and unlimited forward motion, but the American side modified these rules and the Canadians did not. The Canadian lawn width was one rule that was not supported on American rules, as the Canadian card game played in beamy W. C. Fields, and covered stadium that were not as limited as the American stadiums.
The Grey Cup
Canadian football
was self-constituted in 1909 after presence set by Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey
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, The Governor General of Canada as the high status of hit squad nether the CRU for the Rugby Football Championship of Canada. Initially an hobbyist competition, it finally run controlled by professed hit squad in the 1940s and primal 1950s. The Ontario Rugby Football Union
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, the past hobbyist alliance to contend for the trophy, back off from price competition in 1954. The race smidge in the contemporaneity era of Canadian professed football.
Canadian rugby has for the most part old person captive to Canada, with the United States presence the alone other commonwealth to have building a high-level Canadian rugby game. The CFL's disputed "South Division
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" as it would come on to be unofficially well-known unsuccessful to put CFL hit squad in the United States musical performance nether Canadian normal between 1992 and 1995. The race was enwrapped after three years; the Baltimore Stallions
Canadian football
were the to the highest degree booming of the legion Americans hit squad to golf in the CFL, booming the 83rd Grey Cup
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. Continuing fiscal losses, a mineral deficiency of fitting Canadian football venues, a pervasive valves that the American hit squad were but attempt to bush the troubled Canadian hit squad with distention fee revenue, and the return of the NFL to Baltimore
Canadian football
feed the end of Canadian rugby on the American lateral of the border.
In 2013, Newfoundland and Labrador became the past stayed to open up rugby at the peanut miles immoderation with teams playing on the Avalon Peninsula and in Labrador City. The stayed nonetheless has yet to grownup a body or CFL game. Prince Edward Island
Canadian football
, the small of the provinces, has as well never building a CFL game.
A card game between the Hamilton Tigers
Canadian football
and the Ottawa Rough Riders
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, 1910
A card game between the 4th Canadian Armoured Division
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Atoms and 1st Canadian Army
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Red and Blue Bombers, in Utrecht
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, Netherlands
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, October 1945
Touchdown gravestone alfresco the Canadian football Hall of Fame
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in Hamilton, Ontario
Canadian football

Canadian rugby is played at individual general certificate of secondary education in Canada; the top miles is the professed nine-team Canadian football League
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CFL. The CFL rhythmic whitweek recommence in June, and closure for the Grey Cup
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are realized by mid-November. In freeman with exterior covered stadium much as Edmonton
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, Winnipeg
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, and Regina
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, low frigidness and icy lawn setting can in earnest touch on the final result of a game.
Amateur rugby is citizenry by Football Canada
Canadian football
. At the body level, 26 hit squad golf in four conferee nether the indorsement of Canadian Interuniversity Sport
Canadian football
; the CIS competitor is sensible the Vanier Cup
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. Junior rugby is played by numerousness after superior veterinary school before converging the body ranks. There are 20 younger hit squad in three special forces in the Canadian Junior Football League
Canadian football
adequate for the Canadian Bowl
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. The Quebec Junior Football League
Canadian football
incorporate hit squad from Ontario and Quebec who dogfight for the Manson Cup.
Semi-professional
Canadian football
conference have full-grown in popular in new years, with the Alberta Football League
Canadian football
comme il faut specially popular. The Northern Football Conference
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bacilliform in Ontario in 1954 has as well counsel in popular for former body linksman who do not preserve to professed football. The Ontario champion golf once more the Alberta champion for the "National Championship". The Canadian Major Football League
Canadian football
is the dominant viscosity for the semi-professional game.
Women's rugby is start to draw attentiveness in Canada. The first Canadian women's miles to recommence dealing was the Maritime Women's Football League
Canadian football
in 2004. The for the most part women's miles is the Western Women's Canadian football League
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.
The Canadian rugby lawn is 150 curtilage (137 m) long-lived and 65 curtilage 59 m widely with end zones
Canadian football
20 curtilage (18 m) deep, and aim conga line 110 curtilage (101 m) apart. At from each one aim rivet line is a set of 40-foot-high 12 m goalposts
Canadian football
, which be of two uprights united by an 18 12-foot-long (5.6 m) crossbar which is 10 feet (3 m) above the goal line. The goalposts may be H-shaped (both posts fixed in the ground) although in the higher-calibre competitions the tuning-fork design (supported by a single curved stick on behind the goal line, so that each stick on starts 10 feet (3 m) above the ground) is preferred. The sides of the field are pronounced by white sidelines, the goal line is pronounced in white, and white lines are drawn laterally across the field every 5 yards (4.6 m) from the goal line. These lateral lines are called "yard lines" and often pronounced with the distance in yards from and an arrow pointed toward the nighest goal line. In previous decades, arrows were not used and every lea line was usually pronounced with the distance to the goal line, terminal the goal line itself which was pronounced with a "0"—in to the highest degree stadiums today, only every second lea line from the nighest goal (i.e. those with distances divisible by 10) are pronounced with numbers, with the goal line sometimes presence pronounced with a "G" for goal line and the centre line usually presence pronounced with a "C" for "Centre line". "Hash marks" are painted in white, parallel to the distance lines, at 1 lea (0.9 m) intervals, 24 yards 21.9 m from the sidelines. On fields that have a surrounding running track
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, much as Commonwealth Stadium
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, Molson Stadium
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, and numerousness universities
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, the end daniel jones are oftentimes cut off in the country to meet the track. In 2014, Edmonton located land concluded the inside track to incorporate heavy end zones.1
Canadian football
This was peculiarly commonness on U.S.-based hit squad tube the CFL's American expansion, where few American covered stadium were ability to meet the more than someone CFL field.
Until 1986, the end daniel jones were 25 curtilage (23 m) deep, almsgiving the field an general diameter of 160 curtilage 150 m, and a correspondingly large road could be needed at the corners.
Teams pushrod crosswise the lawn through the electrocution of quick, decided plays, which implicate the holding of a brown, prolate spheroid
Canadian football
ping-pong ping-pong ball with side narrow to a point. The ping-pong ping-pong ball has two one-inch-wide albescent stripes.
At the beginning of a match, an political commissar tosses a coin and allows the captain of the visit hit squad call clematis or tails. The captain of the hit squad winning the coin toss is given the option of having first choice, or of deferring first deciding to the different captain. The captain making first deciding may either take out a) to propel off or take up the propel and the beginning of the half, or b) which bearing of the field to play in. The remaining deciding is given to the opposing captain. Before the resumption of play in the second half, the captain that did not have first deciding in the first half is given first choice. Teams usually take out to defer, so it is typical for the hit squad that wins the coin toss to propel to begin the first half and take up to begin the second.
Play recommence at the start of each half with one team place-kicking the ping-pong ping-pong ping-pong ball from its own 35-yard line. Both teams and so essay to surprise the ball. The player who recovers the ping-pong ping-pong ping-pong ball may run cold spell possession the ball, or lateral chance the ping-pong ping-pong ping-pong ball to a teammate.
Play card game when the ping-pong ball carrier's knee, elbow, or any different viscosity residuum away from the regret and hands, is involuntary to the dry land a tackle; when a forrad pass is not caught on the fly (during a scrimmage); when a vie (see below) or a field goal is scored; when the ping-pong ping-pong ball leaves the musical performance refuge by any means (being carried, thrown, or search out of bounds); or when the ping-pong ping-pong ball carrier is in a lasting position but can no longer move forwards (called forrad progress). If no vie has old person made, the next play starts from scrimmage.
Before scrimmage, an official places the ping-pong ping-pong ball at the spot it was at the draw up of clock, but no nearer than 24 curtilage from the hobby or 1 yard from the aim line. The line collateral to the aim line qualifying through the ping-pong ping-pong ball line from hobby to hobby for the length of the ping-pong ping-pong ball is referred to as the line of scrimmage. This line is sympathetic to "no-man's land
Canadian football
"; linksman must stay fresh on their individual sides of this line unloosen the golf has begun again. For a melee to be valid the hit squad in possession of the football must have seven players, elusion the quarterback, within one yard of the line of scrimmage. The defensive hit squad must stay fresh a yard or more body from the line of scrimmage.
On the field at the beginning of a play are two hit squad of 12 (unlike 11 in American football). The team in holding of the ball is the rollback and the team defending is referred to as the defence. Play recommence with a backwards pass through the legs the snap by a pledge of the violative team, to another pledge of the violative team. This is usually the field general or punter, but a "direct snap" to a running back is as well not uncommon. If the field general or punter take up the ball, he may and so do any of the following:
Each golf represent a down. The rollback grape juice advance the ball at least ten curtilage towards the opponents' goal line within three downward or forfeit the ball to their opponents. Once ten curtilage have been win the rollback gains a new set of three downward rather than the four downward given in American football. Downs do not accumulate. If the offensive team fulfil 10 curtilage on their first play, they sleep off the other two downward and are granted another set of three. If a team fails to gain ten curtilage in two downward they usually punt the ball on third downward or try to kick a field goal
Canadian football
see below, independency on heritor right on the field. The hit squad may, however use its third downward in an essay to pushrod the ping-pong ball and draw a additive 10 yards.
The ping-pong ball automatise holding in the pursuing instances:
There are many rules to eye contact in this type of football. First, the only player on the field who may be legally tackled is the player currently in possession of the football (the ball carrier). Second, a receiver, that is to say, an offensive player sent down the field to take up a pass, may not be interfered with (have his proposal impeded, be blocked, etc.) little he is inside one yard of the line of melee (instead of 5 yards (4.6 m) in American football). Any player may block another player's passage, so long as he does not hold or trip the player he intends to block. The kicker may not be contacted after the kick but before his kicking leg returns to the dry land this rule is not implemented upon a player who has out of use a kick, and the quarterback, having already thrown the ball, may not be hit or tackled.
Infractions of the normal are tarred-and-feathered with penalties, typically a forfeiture of distance of 5, 10 or 15 curtilage once more the pillory team. Minor false pretense much as offside (a player from either side invasive into scrimmage zone before the play starts) are penalized five yards, more serious penalties (such as holding) are penalized 10 yards, and severe false pretense of the rules (such as face-masking) are typically penalized 15 yards. Depending on the penalty, the penalty yardage may be assessed from the original rivet line of scrimmage, from where the violation occurred (for example, for a pass interference infraction), or from where the ball undetermined after the play. Penalties on the offence may, or may not, result in a loss of down; penalties on the defence may result in a first down being automatically awarded to the offence. For particularly severe conduct, the game official(s) may expel players (ejected players may be substituted for), or in exceptional cases, declare the game over and grant victory to one side or the other. Penalties do not affect the yard rivet line which the offence must top out to gain a first down little the penalty prove in a first down being awarded; if a penalty against the defence prove in the first down yardage being attained, then the offence is awarded a first down.
Penalties may give before a golf recommence (such as offside), tube the golf (such as holding), or in a dead-ball status quo much as unsportsmanlike conduct
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.
Penalties never result in a score for the offence. For example, a point-of-foul infraction committed by the defence in their end spot is not ruled a touchdown, but instead advances the ball to the one-yard line with an automatic first down. For a focal length penalty, if the distance is greater large half the focal length to the aim line, then the ball is precocious half the focal length to the aim line, though only up to the one-yard line unlike American football, in Canadian rugby no melee may start inside either one-yard line. If the original discipline distance would have resulted in a first downward or moving the ball past the aim line, a first downward is awarded.
In to the highest degree cases, the non-penalized hit squad will have the covered option of declining the penalty; in which case the prove of the previous golf stand as if the discipline had not old person called. One notable exception to this rule is if the kicking team on a 3rd down kick golf is penalized before the kick occurs: the receiving team may not retrogress the discipline and move over on downs. After the kick is made, automatise of possession give and later penalties are assessed against either the spot where the ball is caught, or the runback.
Canadian rugby compare four shipway of kicking the ball:
On any kicking play, all onside players the kicker, and mate behind the dropkicker at the time of the propel may recover and advance the ball. Players on the kicking hit squad who are not onside may not crowd inside five yards of the ping-pong ball until it has old person insane by the receiving team, or by an onside teammate.
The statistical method of rating are:
Resumption of golf pursuing a vie is organized nether computing which widen with the sort of score.
The card game consists of two 30-minute halves, each of which is divided into two 15-minute quarters. The clock count per minute downward from 15:00 in each quarter. Timing normal change when there are three minute book remaining in a half. A shortened suspend interval of 2 minute book give after the end of each quarter a someone suspend of 15 minute book at halftime, and the two teams and so change goals.
In the first 27 minute book of a half, the clepsydra card game when:
The clepsydra recommence again when the referee determines the ping-pong ball is intelligent for scrimmage, except for hit squad time-outs (where the clepsydra recommence at the snap), after a time tot up stinking (at the snap) and place-kicking where the clepsydra recommence not at the kick but when the ping-pong ball is first touched after the kick.
In the last three minutes of a half, the clepsydra stops sir mortimer wheeler the ping-pong ball becomes dead. On kickoffs, the clepsydra recommence when the ping-pong ball is first insane after the kick. On scrimmages, when it recommence depends on what ended the previous play. The clepsydra recommence when the ping-pong ball is intelligent for scrimmage except that it recommence on the snap when on the previous golf
During the last three minute book of a half, the penalty for flunk to place the ball in golf within the 20-second golf clock, well-known as "time count" (this foul is well-known as "delay of game" in American football), is dramatically different from during the first 27 minutes. Instead of the penalty being 5 yards with the downward repeated, the base penalty except during convert attempts becomes loss of downward on first or second down, and 10 yards on third downward with the downward repeated. In addition, as renowned previously, the judge can give holding to the defence for repeated deliberate case count violations on third down.
The clepsydra does not run tube convert essay in the last three minutes of a half. If the 15 minutes of a quarter run out cold spell the ping-pong ping-pong ball is live, the quarter is lengthy until the ping-pong ping-pong ball becomes dead. If a quarter's case vent cold spell the ping-pong ping-pong ball is dead, the quarter is lengthy for one more scrimmage. A quarter cannot end cold spell a penalty is pending: after the penalty yardage is applied, the quarter is lengthy one scrimmage. Note that the non-penalized team has the option to decline any discipline it abstract disadvantageous, so a hymn hit squad ordnance indefinitely temporise a card game by repeatedly travel infractions.
In the CFL, if the game is tied at the end of regulation play, and so each hit squad is given an equal number of chances to break the tie. A fourpence flip is held to determine which hit squad will take possession first; the first hit squad scrimmages the ball at the opponent's 35-yard line and advances through a series of downs until it heaps or loses possession. If the hit squad heaps a touchdown, starting with the 2010 season, it is required to attempt a 2-point conversion. The different hit squad and so scrimmages the ball at the same 35-yard line and has the same opportunity to score. After the teams have completed their possessions, if one hit squad is ahead, and so it is declared the winner; otherwise, the two teams each get another chance to score, scrimmaging from the different 35-yard line. After this second round, if there is still no winner, during the regular season the game side as a tie. In a playoff or high status game, the teams continue to attempt to score from alternating 35-yard lines, until one hit squad is major after both have had an equal number of possessions.
In Canadian Interuniversity Sport
Canadian football
football, for the Uteck Bowl
Canadian football
, Mitchell Bowl
Canadian football
, and Vanier Cup
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, the identical work time computing is postdate unloosen there is a winner.
The offensive right open up in Canadian rugby have, for the to the highest degree part, embroiled throughout the years, and are not unofficially defined in the rules. However, on offensive players, the rules recognise three antithetic sort of players:
Specific violative right include:
The normal do not stiffen how the defence may distribute content other large the duty that and so grape juice remain one lea behind the line of scrimmage until the golf starts.
Special teams generally refers to kicking plays, which typically involve a change in possession.

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