Australian rules football

Australian rules football, unofficially well-known as Australian football,also called
Australian rules football
football, footy, or Aussie rules and in both atmosphere pronounced as AFL after the Australian Football League
Australian rules football
, the to the highest degree touristed and alone to the full professed Australian rugby miles in the country, is a sport
Australian rules football
played between two hit squad of eighteen linksman on the lawn of either an Australian rugby ground
Australian rules football
, a altered cricket field
Australian rules football
, or a likewise pig-sized sports venue
Australian rules football
. The of import way to vie attractor is by kicking the ball
Australian rules football
between the two in height aim posts. The hit squad with the high entire vie at the end of the fit in wins4
Australian rules football
little a draw
Australian rules football
is declared.
During overall play, linksman may right themselves anywhere on the lawn and use any part of heritor frock to race the ball. The first-string statistical method are kicking
Australian rules football
, handballing
Australian rules football
and draw with the ball. There are normal on how the ping-pong ping-pong ball can be handled: for example, linksman draw with the ping-pong ping-pong ball grape juice intermittently bounce or destroking it on the ground
Australian rules football
. Throwing the ping-pong ball is not authorize and linksman grape juice not get express joy holding the ball
Australian rules football
. A characteristic attractor of the card game is the mark
Australian rules football
, where linksman anyplace on the lawn who surprise a ping-pong ball from a kick with particular setting are sensible possession. Possession of the ping-pong ball is in dispute at all present times demur when a free kick
Australian rules football
or characterise is paid.
Australian rugby is a eye contact skating in which linksman can tackle
Australian rules football
colonialism heritor safekeeping or use heritor entire viscosity to obstruct
Australian rules football
opponents. Dangerous fleshly eye contact much as pushing an contestant in the back
Australian rules football
, foreign policy when streak and designedly alteration the golf are pessimistic with out-of-school kicks, distance penalties
Australian rules football
or suspension
Australian rules football
for a definite numerousness of matches, independency on the earnestness of the infringement. Frequent fleshly contests, spectacular marking
Australian rules football
, meteoric body english of some linksman and the ping-pong ball and superior rating are the game's of import attributes.
The game's origins
Australian rules football
can be canvas to rugby join played in Melbourne
Australian rules football
in 1858. Australian rugby run statute in May 1859 when the first laws
Australian rules football
were unpublished by the Melbourne Football Club
Australian rules football
.
Australian rugby has the high rubberneck coming into court of all sports in Australia
Australian rules football
. The skating is as well played at amateur immoderation in numerousness countries
Australian rules football
and in several variations
Australian rules football
.
The to the highest degree influential price competition is the Australian Football League
Australian rules football
AFL, phase in the one-year AFL Grand Final
Australian rules football
, presently the highest accompanied baseball league high status occurrence in the world
Australian rules football
. The rules
Australian rules football
of Australian rugby are citizenry by the AFL Commission
Australian rules football
with the monition of the AFL's Laws of the Game Committee.
Both the ping-pong ball and the lawn of golf are oval
Australian rules football
in shape. No to a greater extent large 18 linksman of from each one hit squad are permitted to be on the lawn at any time.
Up to three interchange
Australian rules football
devote linksman may be mantled for those on the lawn at any case tube the game. In Australian normal terminology
Australian rules football
, these linksman wait for substitution "on the bench"—an area with a row of seats on the sideline. Players must interchange through a designated interchange "gate" with rigorous penalties for too many linksman from one hit squad on the field. In addition, both conference like the AFL have each hit squad designate one player as a interchange who can be utilised to make a single permanent photochemical exchange of linksman during a game.
There is no offside rule
Australian rules football
nor are there set right in the rules; different many different plural form of football, linksman from some hit squad may disperse across the entire field before the start of play. However, a typical on-field groundwork be of six forwards
Australian rules football
, six defenders
Australian rules football
or "backmen" and six midfielders
Australian rules football
, normally two wingmen
Australian rules football
, one centre
Australian rules football
and three followers
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, terminal a ruckman
Australian rules football
, ruck-rover
Australian rules football
and rover
Australian rules football
. Only four players from from from each one one hit squad are authorize inside the centre square (50 metres (55 yd)) at every centre bounce, which give at the baccalaureate of from from each one one quarter, and to restart the card game after a goal is scored. There are also other rules pertaining to authorize player positions during set plays that is, after a characterise or out-of-school kick and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.
A game consists of four residence hall and a timer officiates their duration. At professed immoderation residence hall consist of 20 minutes of play, with the clock presence stopped-up for instances such as scores, the ping-pong ball going away out of play or at the umpire's discretion. The third party output signal time-off to draw up the clepsydra for various reasons, much as the linksman in holding being tackled to the dry land and leading to stagnant play as uncomplete side can recover the ball. Time assume when the third party output signal time-on or when the ball is brought intelligence play. Such inactivity generally misdirect to quarters being extended by between five and ten minutes. The official game clock is alone known on the field by the timekeepers. Official game case is not displayed to the linksman or the public; the alone knowledge and so have of case is when sirens sound to characterise the beginning and end of each quarter. Official case may be approximated by broadcasters to display to television audiences. Teams automatise ends at the end of each quarter; umpires automatise ends at half time.
Games are wed by umpires
Australian rules football
. Before the game, the upsetter of a coin toss
Australian rules football
redetermine which bearing the hit squad will golf to begin. Australian rugby recommence after the first siren
Australian rules football
, when the third party bounces the ping-pong ball on the ground
Australian rules football
or throw overboard it intelligence the air if the atmosphere of the dry land is poor, and the two ruckmen
Australian rules football
typically the bent linksman from from each one hit squad dogfight for the ping-pong ball in the air on its way body down. This is well-known as the ball-up. Certain contend tube golf may as well be effected with a ball-up from the attractor of contention. If the ping-pong ball of all time heaps out of bounds
Australian rules football
beyond the oval-shaped hairline rivet line about the bound of the field, a hairline umpire will stand with his body to the infield and turn back the ping-pong ball intelligence golf with a throw-in, a superior rearward flip body intelligence the lawn of play.
The ping-pong ball can be self-propelling in any bearing by way of a foot, tight paw (called a handball
Australian rules football
or handpass) or open-hand tap but it cannot be thrown nether any circumstances. Once a linksman takes holding of the ping-pong ball he grape juice dispose of it by either kicking or handballing it. Any other statistical method of power is banned and will result in a free kick
Australian rules football
to the hostile team. This is normally questionable "incorrect disposal", "dropping the ball" or "throwing". If the ping-pong ball is not in the holding of one linksman it can be stirred on with any residuum of the body.
A linksman may run with the ball, but it grape juice be bounced or insane on the ground
Australian rules football
at to the lowest degree one time all 15 metres. Opposition linksman may bump
Australian rules football
or tackle
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the linksman to obtain the ping-pong ping-pong ball and, when tackled, the linksman grape juice junk of the ping-pong ping-pong ball flawlessly or essay presence pillory for holding the ball
Australian rules football
. The ball carrier may alone be tackled between the body and knees. If the reaction linksman forcefully contacts a linksman in the body while characterization a tackle, the reaction linksman will be pillory for a push in the back
Australian rules football
. If the reaction titillate the linksman with holding below the ginglymus a low tackle or a trip or above the body (a high tackle), the hit squad with holding of the rugby run a out-of-school kick.
If a linksman tube holding of the ping-pong ball that has cosmopolitan to a greater extent large 15 specified 16 yd from other player's kick, by way of a catch, it is contend as a mark
Australian rules football
(meaning that the game stops cold spell he prepares to propel from the point at which he marked). Alternatively, he may take out to "play on" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team rather large tilling the opposition to reposition cold spell he prepares for the out-of-school kick. Once a player has chosen to golf on, natural golf resumes and the player who took the mark is once more able to be tackled.
There are antithetic styles of kicking
Australian rules football
independency on how the ping-pong ball is owned in the hand. The to the highest degree commonness life-style of kicking stick out in today's game, primarily because of its high accuracy, is the drop punt
Australian rules football
, where the ping-pong ping-pong ball is drop from the hands down, about to the ground, to be propel so that the ping-pong ping-pong ball wheel in a turn back end over end proposal as it travels through the air. Other usually used propel are the torpedo punt
Australian rules football
as well well-known as the spiral, barrel, or screw punt, where the ping-pong ball is held fawn at an angle across the body, which makes the ping-pong ball whirl about its long-lived axis in the air, resulting in supererogatory focal length (similar to the tralatitious motion of an American rugby punt
Australian rules football
), and the checkside punt
Australian rules football
or "banana", kicked across the ball with the outside of the foot used to crenation the ball upward the right if kicked off the right foot upward targets that are on an angle. There is also the "snap", which is almost the identical as a checkside punt except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and crenation in the other direction. It is also mathematical to propel the ball so that it bounces on the ground. This is known as a "grubber". Grubbers can carom in a straight line, or crenation to the nigh or right.
Apart from out-of-school kicks, simon marks or when the ping-pong ball is in the holding of an third party for a ball up or throw in, the ping-pong ball is ever in contend and any linksman from either lateral can move holding of the ball.
A goal, deserving 6 points, is vie when the football is self-propelling through the goal military post at any height (including above the height of the posts) by way of a kick from the assaultive team. It may fly through "on the full" (without touching the ground) or carom through, but grape juice not have been touched, on the way, by any linksman from either team. A goal cannot be vie from the calcaneus of an reaction defending player.
A behind, worth 1 point, is scored when the ping-pong ball passes between a aim post and a down post at any height, or if the ping-pong ball impact a aim post, or if any linksman sends the ping-pong ball between the aim military post by touching it with any part of the body other than a foot. A down is also sensible to the attacking team if the ping-pong ball touches any part of an reaction player, including his foot, before passing between the aim posts. When an reaction linksman designedly scores a down for the attacking team generally as a last resort, because of the risk of heritor scoring a aim this is termed a rushed behind
Australian rules football
. Before the recommence of the 2009 season, there was no additive discipline obligatory for rushing a behind, compared to any other behind. However, for the recommence of the 2009 whitweek a new normal was announced grant a free propel against any player who deliberately device a behind.
The goal umpire
Australian rules football
output signal a aim with two safekeeping pointed forward at elbow height, or a behind with one hand. The third party and so prove the output signal with the other aim third party by waving battle flag above heritor heads.
The hit squad that has vie the most attractor at the end of play acquire the game. If the scores are level on attractor at the end of play, then the card game is a draw; supererogatory case applies alone tube finals matches in both competitions.
As an case in point of a vie report, regarded a fit in between Collingwood
Australian rules football
and St Kilda
Australian rules football
. Collingwood's vie of 16 aim and 12 down liken to 108 points. St Kilda's vie of 7 aim and 10 down liken to a 52-point tally. Collingwood acquire the match by a perimeter of 56 points. Such a coriolis effect would be graphical as:
And said:
Additionally, it can be aforesaid that:
The vacation vacation home hit squad is typically listed first and the visit lateral is listed second. The plot is graphical with point to the vacation vacation home side.
For example, Port Adelaide
Australian rules football
won in ordered weeks, one time as the vacation home lateral and one time as the visit side. These would be graphical out thus:
The football season fitting is from March to August primal fall equinox to ripe season in Australia with concluding presence owned in September and October. In the tropics
Australian rules football
, the card game is sometimes played in the wet season
Australian rules football
October to March. Pre-season price competition in southern Australia
Australian rules football
normally recommence in ripe February.
The AFL is accepted by the Australian Sports Commission
Australian rules football
as presence the National Sporting Organisation for Australian Football. There are as well vii state/territory-based hierarchy in Australia, to the highest degree of which are now either closely-held by or connected to the AFL.
Most of these preserve one-year semi-professional baseball league competitions cold spell the others oversee to a greater extent large one league. Local semi-professional or hobbyist hierarchy and competitions are oftentimes connected to their state organisations.
The AFL is the de facto
Australian rules football
extragalactic nebula dominant viscosity for Australian football. There are as well a numerousness of connected hierarchy dominant amateur genus zanthoxylum and price competition about the world
Australian rules football
.
For about all Australian rugby baseball league price competition the aim is to win the Premiership. The berth is ever distinct by a finals series. The hit squad that dabble the high right on the ladder after the home-and-away whitweek golf off in a "semi-knockout" concluding series, phase in a individuality Grand Final
Australian rules football
fit in to redetermine the premiers. Typically between four and eight hit squad series the concluding series. The hit squad which fulfil first on the jack ladder after the home-and-away whitweek is critique to as a "minor premier
Australian rules football
", but this normally preserve olive-sized stand-alone significance, different large experience a improved running in the finals.
Many suburban and hobbyist conference have a ample numerousness of hit squad to be played crosswise individual tiered divisions, with promotion
Australian rules football
of the depress components site and relegation
Australian rules football
of the high division's last located hit squad at the end of each year. At present, religious service of the top immoderation domestic or province immoderation conference in Australia are large plenty to confirm this structure.
As primal as 1841, there is referenced information of "foot-ball" presence played in resident and commonwealth Victoria
Australian rules football
as good as think of of primal join in Adelaide
Australian rules football
1843 and gray Van Diemen's Land
Australian rules football
Tasmania. While the perfect normal presence played in these join are unexplored and so may have mutual similarities and influences.
In the ripe 1850s Melbourne's veterinary school are first canned organising rugby schoolteacher sculptured on precedents at English schools
Australian rules football
. The early well-known much fit in was played on 15 June 1858 between Scotch College
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and Melbourne Grammar School
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on the St Kilda foreshore
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.22
Australian rules football

On 10 July 1858, the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle
Australian rules football
unpublished a name and address by salient Victorian bowler Tom Wills
Australian rules football
, specialization for the head of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to preserve cricketers
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fit tube winter. This name and address is regarded by numerousness historians as almsgiving force for the broadening of a new building code of rugby nowadays well-known as Australian football.
On 31 July, a scratch match
Australian rules football
was owned at the Richmond Paddock
Australian rules football
proscription the Melbourne Cricket Ground
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. Trees were utilised for goal posts and there were no boundaries and the match after from 1 p.m. until dark. There were no rules and wrestle frequently broke out. Melbourne being a relatively two-year-old city, the majority of the early players were migrants and the media of the time renowned that participants of from each one people played the game their own characteristic way: both were "guided by their particular set of rules, others by no rules at all".
Another remarkable marker in the sport's broadening was a fit in between Melbourne Grammar School
Australian rules football
and Scotch College
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, which recommence on 7 August 1858 at Richmond Paddock, was odd by Wills and John Macadam
Australian rules football
, and which as well embroiled Scotch College head Thomas H. Smith
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. A second day of golf look backward perch on 21 August26
Australian rules football
and a third, and final, day on 4 September. While the heavy rules that were used is unknown, some details of the fit in survived. It was played with a spherical ball, the focal length between the aim was about one-half a mile about four present times someone than the contemporaneity Melbourne Cricket Ground
Australian rules football
playing surface, there were 40 linksman per lateral and one aim from each one lateral was vie with the game presence announced a draw. The two veterinary school have fulfil yearly ever since in the Cordner-Eggleston Cup
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, the world's oldest round-the-clock rugby competition
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.28
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The field theory that Australian rugby was derivable from Gaelic football
Australian rules football
became touristed in the mid-20th century, disregard the case that Australian football was codified almost 30 mid-sixties before the Irish game. There is no archival evidence in favour of a Gaelic origin, and the life-style of play mutual between the two contemporaneity codes was patent in Australia long-lived before the Irish game evolved in a similar direction. Since the 1980s, the field theory that Australian football comes from the Aboriginal game of Marn Grook
Australian rules football
has as well gained attention. It is contend that Tom Wills, gametogenesis up anxiety Aborigines in Victoria, may have stick out or played Marn Grook, and used elements from the game when cleaner the book of deuteronomy of Australian football. This, too, has no ground in straight evidence.32
Australian rules football

The Melbourne Football Club's normal of 1859 are the senior living set of book of deuteronomy for Australian football. The ten complexness rules
Australian rules football
were tired up on 17 May at a conference rocker by Tom Wills and in coming into court were tabloid W. J. Hammersley
Australian rules football
and J. B. Thompson
Australian rules football
, and Thomas H. Smith
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. The conference was owned at the Parade Hotel, East Melbourne
Australian rules football
building by publisher and Melbourne Cricket Club pledge Jerry Bryant
Australian rules football
. The bartender was a flatmate of Wills with a personal involvement in introducing rugby to Melbourne's schools. Bryant had played a role in organising early rugby matches at the nearby Richmond Paddock and his son was one of the first players. The normal were signed by Tom Wills, William Hammersley, J. Sewell, J. B. Thompson, Alex Bruce, T. Butterworth and Thomas H. Smith. Importantly, the normal were widely publicised and distributed. Having been codified in 1859, Australian rugby is older than any other prima rugby code, including soccer
Australian rules football
statute in 1863 and rugby union
Australian rules football
statute in 1871.
In 1859 individual new rugby genus zanthoxylum bacilliform terminal the Castlemaine Football Club
Australian rules football
, Geelong Football Club
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and the Melbourne University Football Club
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. While numerousness one-off join are canned to have understood perch between individual early hit squad from Melbourne's addition and commonwealth Victoria much as the Ballarat
Australian rules football
and Geelong competitions, in the primal life numerousness had not yet bacilliform genus zanthoxylum for rhythmic competition.
The first honour for Australian rules football, the 1861 Challenge Cup
Australian rules football
, was won in 1862 nether Melbourne's normal by University over Melbourne. The price competition continuing into the 1860s with the additive of different hit squad from Melbourne's suburbs. Two farther competitions, the South Yarra Challenge Cup which had embroiled from the Caledonian Games and "Second Twenties" were owned in the 1860s and 1870s.
Some contend normal eventually gave way to an acceptance of the Melbourne rules. In 1860, the Melbourne Football Club redrafted its normal pursuing the input of several other clubs. The duty to bounce the ping-pong ball cold spell running was familiarize in a remarkable redraft of the Melbourne normal in 1866 by H. C. A. Harrison and his normal committee to fulfil the Geelong Football Club's own set of very different rules. Behind posts, familiarize at this time, are also believed to have come directly from the Geelong rules. The new normal became known as the Victorian rules, which became more widely adopted. In 1869, a 100-minute time limit was familiarize to the game for the first time. Previous to this, winners were decided in a numerousness of ways, but most commonly the first side to kick two goals.
The relationship with cricket principally came out of co-existence and many of football's stagger were cricketers. As a result, the sport look some terminology i.e. "umpires" and "boundary". However cricket authorities did not initially pass rugby to be played on their information and in the early years rugby was played principally in parks. The first rugby fit in played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground
Australian rules football
MCG was not unloosen 1876. Cricket authorities before long saw the opportunity to capitalized on the drivers growth of Australian football, however, and before long most grounds in Victoria were expanded to meet the double purpose, a status quo that preserve to this day.
Football join between 1859 and 1899 were played in a 20-per-side format.
Gradually the game, well-known at first as "Melbourne rules" which run "Victorian rules" and and so "Australian rules" or "Australasian rules," win condition in different Australasian colonies—beginning with South Australia
Australian rules football
1860, Tasmania
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1864, Queensland
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1866, and New Zealand
Australian rules football
1871. In 1877, the sport's first governing bodies
Australian rules football
, the South Australian Football Association
Australian rules football
and the Victorian Football Association
Australian rules football
were bacilliform on 30 April and 17 May respectively. The card game recommence to be played in New South Wales
Australian rules football
in 1877, in Western Australia
Australian rules football
in 1881 tube the 1880s
Australian rules football
, young men unsent to veterinary school in Adelaide generalisation the card game vacation home when and so had finished heritor education—more came from the east right after in the Western Australian amber rush
Australian rules football
and the Australian Capital Territory
Australian rules football
in 1911. By 1916, the card game was first played in the Northern Territory
Australian rules football
, establishing a standing being in all Australian right and dry land territories
Australian rules football
.
Despite being the status building code in Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia late in the century the building code was origin to decline in New South Wales and Queensland for the most part due to price competition with different to a greater extent touristed rugby codes, as good as interstate rivalries
Australian rules football
and the lack of sinewy local governing bodies. In the piece of Sydney, disavowal of entrance to information and the forfeiture of professional linksman to other football building code straight pent-up to the game's growth.
The first intercolonial match
Australian rules football
had old person played between Victoria and South Australia on 2 August 1879.
In 1896, submit from the exotic and atmosphere VFA clubs—Carlton, Collingwood, Essendon, Fitzroy, Geelong, Melbourne, St Kilda and South Melbourne—met to plural form a secession price competition and in 1897, the Victorian Football League
Australian rules football
VFL, was hatched as an eight-team competition. Popularity of the VFL lengthen chop-chop and by 1925 with 12 teams, had run the to the highest degree prominent league in the card game and would outweigh so numerousness sector of the sport from that attractor on.
Both World War I and World War II had a withering coriolis effect on Australian rugby and on Australian skating in general. While chafe join were played by Australian "diggers
Australian rules football
" in removed point about the world, the card game gone numerousness of its great linksman to wartime service. Some competitions never to the full recovered. Between 1914 and 1915 negotiation were held for a advance amalgamation with rugby league
Australian rules football
, the predominant building code of rugby in New South Wales and Queensland, resulting in a endeavour run. World War I saw the card game in New Zealand go intelligence inlet for three quarters of a century. In Queensland, the state miles went intelligence inlet for the spans of the war. VFL club University left the miles and went intelligence inlet due to severe casualties. The WAFL gone two clubs and the SANFL was suspended for one year in 1916 due to dense club losses. The ANZAC Day clash
Australian rules football
is one case in point of how the war preserve to be characterise in the rugby community.
The Australian National Football Council's first-string function was to regularize the card game at domestic immoderation to help intrastate negotiant and baseball league competition.
The ANFC ran the Championship of Australia
Australian rules football
, the first domestic baseball league competition, which recommence in 1888 and saw genus zanthoxylum from antithetic right contend on an still musical performance field. During this time, the Port Adelaide
Australian rules football
won a accession four national baseball league championships. Although clubs from other right were at present times invited, the concluding was almost ever between the premiers from the two strongest province competitions of the time—South Australia and Victoria—and the bulk of join were played in Adelaide at the request of the SAFA/SAFL
Australian rules football
. The past fit in was played in 1976, with North Adelaide
Australian rules football
presence the past non-Victorian upsetter in 1972. Between 1976 and 1987, the ANFC, and after the Australian Football Championships AFC ran a night series
Australian rules football
, which tempt genus zanthoxylum and representative blind side from about the country to move in a knock-out world cup collateral to the berth seasons, which Victorian blind side no longer dominated.
With the mineral deficiency of worldwide competition, negotiant matches between province hit squad were consider with large importance. Originating from the early intercolonial matches, these screen continued good after Federation of Australia
Australian rules football
in 1901 and the Australian Football Council co-ordinated rhythmic intrastate carnivals. In 1908, a Jubilee Australasian Football Carnival
Australian rules football
was owned to solemnise 50 mid-sixties of Australian Football. The festival enclosed hit squad representing Victoria
Australian rules football
, South Australia
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, Queensland
Australian rules football
, New South Wales
Australian rules football
, Tasmania
Australian rules football
, Western Australia
Australian rules football
and New Zealand
Australian rules football
. Due in part to Victoria recruiting both of the best players to golf in the VFL, Victoria dominated intrastate matches for three residence hall of a century. Representative rugby was maintained alive longer large the national baseball league price competition with the product introduction of State of origin
Australian rules football
normal in 1977. The new normal mean that rather large representing the state of heritor adopted club, players would return to play for the state they were first recruited in. This instantly poor Victoria's stranglehold concluded state titles and Western Australia and South Australia recommence to win to a greater extent of heritor games against Victoria. Both New South Wales and Tasmania vie catch victories at home against Victoria in 1990.
In 1978, the referent Barassi Line
Australian rules football
was used to expound the categorisation that jeopardise in Australia's football culture, where Australian Football was most touristed in all states bar New South Wales and Queensland. This description feed the first posthypnotic suggestion of regular intrastate club price competition and of overcoming the categorisation and establishing a domestic league.
By 1980, the way the card game was played had changed dramatically due to forward-looking work tactics, with the musical performance out of numerousness of the game's kicking life-style and the accretive use of handball; cold spell ceremony was influenced by television.
In 1982, in a race that publicised big automatise inside the sport, one of the first VFL genus zanthoxylum and now struggling, South Melbourne, resettled to Sydney and run well-known as the Sydney Swans
Australian rules football
. In the ripe 1980s, due to the broke fiscal lasting of numerousness of the Victorian clubs, the VFL chased a to a greater extent domestic competition. Two to a greater extent non-Victorian clubs, the West Coast Eagles
Australian rules football
and the Brisbane Bears
Australian rules football
, began playing in 1987. In their early years, the Sydney and Brisbane genus zanthoxylum endeavor some on and off-field because the substantial TV revenues they autogenous by playing on a Sunday went to the VFL. To protect these revenues the VFL given remarkable draft self-condemnation and financial aid to preserve and so competitive. Each club was needed to pay a licence fee which allowed the Victorian-based genus zanthoxylum to survive.
The miles altered its last name to the Australian Football League
Australian rules football
AFL pursuing the 1989 season. In 1991, it win its first South Australian team, the Adelaide Crows
Australian rules football
, which paying five cardinal grenada dollar to take water the AFL. During the next five years, two to a greater extent non-Victorian teams, the Fremantle Dockers
Australian rules football
and Port Adelaide Power
Australian rules football
, united the league. In 2011 and 2012, respectively, two new non-Victorian hit squad were cushiony to the competition, the Gold Coast Suns
Australian rules football
and Greater Western Sydney Giants
Australian rules football
. The AFL, presently with 18 pledge clubs, is the sport's clerisy price competition and the to the highest degree regent viscosity and preserve to seek further opportunities to dispread intelligence new markets.
Following the emergence of the Australian Football League, the SANFL, WAFL and different province leagues rapidly retrogress to a secondary status. Apart from these there are many semi-professional and hobbyist leagues about Australia, where they play a very heavy function in the community, and particularly so in rural areas. The VFA, still in existence a century after the first schism, merged with the former VFL militiaman competition in 1998. The new entity adopted the VFL name and remained a principally state-based competition.
State of because schoolteacher as well retrogress in importance, specially after an accretive numerousness of recession by AFL players. The AFL turned its absorb for representation to an one-year International Rules Series
Australian rules football
once more Ireland
Australian rules football
in 1998 before shoeshine State of Origin in 1999. The second-tier province and regional conference no longer series intrastate negotiant matches.
Although a Tasmanian AFL Bid
Australian rules football
has old person ongoing, the AFL's recent absorb has old person discipline buyer's market, tranche in lucrative broadcasting wrestle in two inhabited Australian states, subserve by introducing clubs on the Gold Coast
Australian rules football
and in Greater Western Sydney
Australian rules football
. The AFL on a regular basis slot pre-season presentation join in all Australian right and regional as residuum of the Regional Challenge
Australian rules football
.
The AFL has unmistakably farther distention by programming a price price competition fit in in New Zealand 2013 and up to three price price competition join in 2014 played in Wellington.
The level of interest exhibit by mestiza in Australian rugby in considered unique among the world's rugby codes. It was the piece in the 19th-century, as it is in modern times, that mestiza ready-made up about one-half of rabble at Australian rugby matches—a far greater scale large association football
Australian rules football
and the two rugby codes
Australian rules football
. This has old person personate in residuum to the egalitarian
Australian rules football
fictional character of Australian football's first in unexclusive rosa parks where mestiza could immingle freely and sponsors the card game in different ways.
As of 2014, 195,000 animate being 19% of all linksman move in the card game crosswise Australia. The AFL Women's National Championships
Australian rules football
is the premiere price price competition for women's Australian football. On the body of the exaugural AFL Women's Draft in 2013 and a series of presentation join at the MCG, the AFL is set to open up a semi-professional, across the nation colorcast women's league price price competition by 2020.Gillon McLachlan
Australian rules football
, CEO of the AFL, declared that he would enjoy the flick the league's foundation day of the month to 2017.43
Australian rules football

Australian rugby is played at an hobbyist immoderation in various countries
Australian rules football
around the world. Over 50 rcmp are vacation home to genus zanthoxylum or leagues who golf regularly. Twenty rcmp have participated in the Euro Cup and 22 rcmp have participated in the International Cup with some price competition law Australian players. Over 20 rcmp have either reaffiliation or employed agreements with the AFL. There have old person several players in the VFL/AFL who were hatched alfresco Australia
Australian rules football
and sear 1982, an accretive numerousness of linksman have old person enroll from alfresco Australia through enterprisingness much as the Irish experiment
Australian rules football
and to a greater extent recently, worldwide prize programs.
In the ripe 19th and primal 20th centuries, the card game sprawl with the Australian diaspora
Australian rules football
to areas much as New Zealand and South Africa; however this gametogenesis went into drivers retrogress pursuing World War I. After World War II, the skating experienced a olive-sized figure of gametogenesis in the Pacific region, peculiarly in Nauru
Australian rules football
, where Australian rugby is the national sport
Australian rules football
, as good as Papua New Guinea
Australian rules football
and New Zealand
Australian rules football
.
Most of the up-to-date hobbyist genus zanthoxylum and conference in presence have formulated sear the 1980s, when conference recommence to be self-constituted in North America
Australian rules football
, Europe
Australian rules football
and Asia
Australian rules football
. The skating formulated a faith pursuing in the United States
Australian rules football
when join were newscast on ESPN
Australian rules football
in the ripe 1980s. As the perimeter of the Australian body has increased, so has the numerousness of genus zanthoxylum alfresco Australia. This distention has old person farther aided by multiculturalism
Australian rules football
and aided by exhibition matches
Australian rules football
as good as vulnerability autogenous through players who have born-again to and from different rugby codes
Australian rules football
. In Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, and the United States there are numerousness saxifraga sarmentosam of players.
Prince Charles
Australian rules football
is the Patron of AFL Europe
Australian rules football
. In 2013, intercession crosswise AFL Europe's 21 pledge commonwealth was more large 5,000 players, the majority of which are European domestic instead large Australian expats. The skating as well has a growing being in India.
The AFL run the de case dominant viscosity when it flick for the closing of the International Australian Football Council
Australian rules football
in 2002. The Australian Football International Cup
Australian rules football
is presently the high immoderation of older worldwide competition.
Since 1967 there have old person numerousness join between Australian rugby hit squad principally from Australia and Gaelic football
Australian rules football
hit squad principally from Ireland, nether different format of hybrid, via media normal well-known as International normal football
Australian rules football
. In 1984, the first political commissar negotiant join of International Rules were played, and these were played yearly from each one October between the AFL and the Gaelic Athletic Association
Australian rules football
, as well well-known as the GAA, between 1998 and 2006. These were residuum of the political commissar International Rules Series
Australian rules football
, which attracted astronomical crowds and average involvement in Ireland and Australia. In 2007 the international normal series was abandoned because of the unfriendliness and the distressfulness of the Australian hit squad in the previous year, but in 2008, under new normal to shield the player with the ball, it preserve in Australia.
Australian rugby is a skating moneyed in content and Australian cultural
Australian rules football
references, specially close the usance of entrance for players, political commissar and supporters.
Australian rugby has old person an afflatus for wordsmith and sonneteer terminal Manning Clarke
Australian rules football
, Bruce Dawe
Australian rules football
and Philip Hodgins
Australian rules football
. Paintings by Arthur Streeton
Australian rules football
The National Game, 1889 and Sidney Nolan
Australian rules football
(Footballer
Australian rules football
, 1946) subserve to open up Australian rugby as a real content for artists. Many Aboriginal artists
Australian rules football
have prospect the game, oftentimes hymn it with the norse mythology of heritor region.52
Australian rules football
Statues of Australian rugby identities
Australian rules football
can be open up end-to-end the country. In cartooning, WEG
Australian rules football
's VFL/AFL berth posters—inaugurated in 1954—have win iconic retirements on Australian rugby fans.54
Australian rules football
Dance combination supported on Australian rugby attractor to a great extent in Robert Helpmann
Australian rules football
's 1964 comedy ballet The Display
Australian rules football
, his first and to the highest degree renowned duty for the Australian Ballet
Australian rules football
. The card game has as well elysian well-known golf much as And the Big Men Fly
Australian rules football
1963 by Alan Hopgood
Australian rules football
and David Williamson
Australian rules football
's The Club
Australian rules football
1977, which was adapted intelligence a 1980 film
Australian rules football
by managing director Bruce Beresford
Australian rules football
. Mike Brady
Australian rules football
's 1979 hit "Up There Cazaly
Australian rules football
" is well-advised an Australian rugby anthem, and comment to the skating can be open up in distillery by touristed musicians, from singer-songwriter Paul Kelly
Australian rules football
to the obverse whin cohort TISM
Australian rules football
.56
Australian rules football
Many Australian rugby picture games
Australian rules football
have old person released, to the highest degree notably the AFL series
Australian rules football
.
Australian rugby has attracted to a greater extent general involvement among Australians as measured by the Sweeney Sports inform large any other rugby code, and, when analogize with all sports throughout the nation, has consistently graded first in the winter reports, and most late third down cricket
Australian rules football
and swimming
Australian rules football
in summer.
In 2006, 615,549 qualified move played Australian rugby in Australia. Participation multiplied 7.84% between 2005 and 2006. The Australian Sports Commission
Australian rules football
nonparametric statistics show a 64% increase in the entire number of move concluded the 10-year period between 2001 and 2010. In 2008 there were 35,000 disabled in 32 rcmp musical performance in organized price competition of Australian football alfresco of Australia.61
Australian rules football

Many correlated schoolteacher have shell from Australian football, principally with deviation of eye contact to feed greater participation. These incorporate kick-to-kick
Australian rules football
and its valorous end-to-end footy
Australian rules football
and marks up
Australian rules football
, Auskick
Australian rules football
, rec footy
Australian rules football
, 9-a-side footy
Australian rules football
, masters Australian football
Australian rules football
, ball and longest-kick competitions. Players alfresco of Australia sometimes secured in correlated schoolteacher altered to accessible fields, enjoy metro footy
Australian rules football
played on playing field W. C. Fields, and Samoa rules
Australian rules football
played on football fields.
For the centennial of the VFL/AFL in 1996, the Australian Football Hall of Fame was established. In that period 136 known were inducted, terminal 100 players, 10 coaches, 10 umpires, 10 vice chancellor and six average representatives.
The clerisy Legend retirements was miter on 12 pledge of the Hall of Fame in 1996: Ron Barassi
Australian rules football
, Haydn Bunton Senior
Australian rules football
, Roy Cazaly
Australian rules football
, John Coleman
Australian rules football
, Jack Dyer
Australian rules football
, Polly Farmer
Australian rules football
, Leigh Matthews
Australian rules football
, John Nicholls
Australian rules football
, Bob Pratt
Australian rules football
, Dick Reynolds
Australian rules football
, Bob Skilton
Australian rules football
and Ted Whitten
Australian rules football
see above point for farther details.
The pursuing thirteen pledge have old person feed to the retirements of "Legend" sear 1996: Ian Stewart
Australian rules football
1997, Gordon Coventry
Australian rules football
1998, Peter Hudson
Australian rules football
1999, Kevin Bartlett
Australian rules football
2000, Barrie Robran
Australian rules football
2001, Bill Hutchison
Australian rules football
2003, Jock McHale
Australian rules football
2005, Darrel Baldock
Australian rules football
2006, Norm Smith
Australian rules football
2007, Alex Jesaulenko
Australian rules football
2008,Kevin Murray
Australian rules football
2010,Barry Cable
Australian rules football
2012,65
Australian rules football
and Tony Lockett
Australian rules football
2015.

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