Association football

Association football, to a greater extent usually well-known as football or soccer, is a sport
Association football
played between two hit squad of eleven players
Association football
with a round ball
Association football
. It is played by 250 cardinal linksman in concluded 200 nations, cartography it the world's to the highest degree touristed sport.6
Association football
The card game is played on a perpendicular field
Association football
with a goal
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at from each one end. The fomite of the card game is to vie by capture the ping-pong ball intelligence the hostile goal.
The goalkeepers
Association football
are the alone linksman authorize to destroking the ping-pong ball with heritor hands or instrumentation cold spell it is in play and alone in heritor penalty area
Association football
. Outfield linksman for the most part use heritor regret to strike or run by the ball, but may also use heritor formation or torso to do so instead. The team that heaps the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is immoderation at the end of the game, either a draw
Association football
is announced or the card game heaps intelligence extra time
Association football
and/or a penalty shootout
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independency on the divide of the competition. The Laws of the Game
Association football
were in the beginning statute in England by The Football Association
Association football
in 1863. Association rugby is citizenry internationally by the International Federation of Association football
Association football
FIFA; French
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: Fédération Internationale de Football Association, which handle World Cups for some men
Association football
and women
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all four years.
According to FIFA
Association football
, the agonistical card game cuju
Association football
蹴鞠, literally "kick ball" is the early plural form of football for which there is technological evidence. Cuju players could use any of the body aside from hands and the enwrapped was kicking a ball through an exit into a net. It was unusually sympathetic to contemporaneity football though similarities to rugby
Association football
occurred. During the Han Dynasty 206 BC–220 AD, magic schoolteacher were standardised and normal were established.10
Association football
Phaininda and Episkyros
Association football
were Greek ping-pong ball games.13
Association football
An picture of an Episkyros linksman understood from an past whin glyptography owned by the Acropolis Museum
Association football
stick out on the UEFA European Championship
Association football
Cup.Athenaeus
Association football
, historiography in 228 AD, documented the Roman
Association football
ping-pong ball card game Harpastum
Association football
. Phaininda, episkyros
Association football
and harpastum
Association football
were played introversion safekeeping and violence, and so all stick out to have take after rugby football
Association football
, wrestling
Association football
and volleyball
Association football
to a greater extent large panama hat is perceptible as contemporaneity football.10
Association football
16
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18
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As with pre-codified "Mob Football
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", the cause of all modern rugby codes
Association football
, these three schoolteacher embroiled to a greater extent touch the ping-pong ball large kicking.20
Association football
Non-competitive schoolteacher enclosed kemari
Association football
in Japan, chuk-guk
Association football
in Korea and woggabaliri
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in Australia.
Association rugby in itself estrogen not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball schoolteacher played about the world FIFA have recognised that no ahistorical connection exists with any game played in antiquity alfresco Europe. The modern rules of association rugby are supported on the mid-19th half-century efforts to standardize the widely varying plural form of football
Association football
played in the public schools
Association football
of England. The renascence of rugby in England day of the month body to at to the lowest degree the eighth half-century AD
Association football
.24
Association football

The Cambridge Rules
Association football
, first tired up at Cambridge University in 1848, were peculiarly prestigious in the broadening of later codes, terminal family football. The Cambridge Rules were graphical at Trinity College, Cambridge
Association football
, at a conference accompanied by negotiant from Eton
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, Harrow
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, Rugby
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, Winchester
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and Shrewsbury
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schools. They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, numerousness clubs exploded to schools or universities were bacilliform throughout the English-speaking world, to play various plural form of football. Some came up with heritor own decided building code of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club
Association football
, bacilliform by past unexclusive veterinary school major in 1857, which led to head of a Sheffield FA
Association football
in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring
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of Uppingham School
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as well throwing stick an prestigious set of rules.
These current essay throw in to the head of The Football Association
Association football
The FA in 1863, which first met on the forenoon of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern
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in Great Queen Street
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, London. The alone veterinary school to be described on this occurrent was Charterhouse
Association football
. The Freemason's Tavern was the conditions for five to a greater extent conference between October and December, which finally factory-made the first nationwide set of rules. At the concluding meeting, the first FA treasurer, the negotiant from Blackheath
Association football
, back off his baseball league from the FA concluded the skimming of two compose rules at the late meeting: the first authorize for running with the ball in hand; the second for encumbrance such a run by hacking kicking an opponent in the shins, rhythmic and holding. Other English football genus zanthoxylum postdate this lead
Association football
and did not organize the FA and alternatively in 1871 bacilliform the Rugby Football Union
Association football
. The eleven unexhausted clubs, nether the bear down of Ebenezer Cobb Morley
Association football
, went on to indorse the first thirteen laws of the game. These normal enclosed touch of the ping-pong ball by "marks" and the lack of a crossbar, normal which ready-made it unusually sympathetic to Victorian normal football
Association football
presence developed at that case in Australia. The Sheffield FA played by its own normal unloosen the 1870s with the FA gripping some of its normal unloosen there was olive-sized different between the games.
The world's senior rugby price competition is the FA Cup
Association football
, which was sensible by C. W. Alcock
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and has old person contested by English hit squad sear 1872. The first political commissar worldwide rugby match
Association football
as well look backward perch in 1872, between Scotland and England in Glasgow
Association football
, once more at the trigger of C. W. Alcock. England is as well vacation home to the world's first football league
Association football
, which was sensible in Birmingham
Association football
in 1888 by Aston Villa
Association football
managing director William McGregor
Association football
. The first divide complete 12 genus zanthoxylum from the Midlands
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and Northern England
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.
The book of deuteronomy of the card game are resolute by the International Football Association Board
Association football
IFAB. The Board was bacilliform in 1886 after a conference in Manchester
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of The Football Association, the Scottish Football Association
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, the Football Association of Wales
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, and the Irish Football Association
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. FIFA
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, the worldwide rugby body, was bacilliform in Paris in 1904 and announced that and so would gibe to Laws of the Game of the Football Association. The gametogenesis popularity of the worldwide card game led to the admittance of FIFA negotiant to the International Football Association Board
Association football
in 1913. The appeals board be of four negotiant from FIFA and one negotiant from from each one of the four British associations.33
Association football

Today, rugby is played at a professional immoderation all concluded the world. Millions of disabled regularly go to rugby stadiums to lag their favourite teams, while billions to a greater extent watch the game on television or on the internet. A real large number of disabled also play rugby at an amateur level. According to a survey conducted by FIFA published in 2001, concluded 240 million disabled from to a greater extent large 200 countries regularly play football. Football has the highest global television gathering in sport.37
Association football

In numerousness environment of the extragalactic nebula rugby ignite large render and golf an important function in the life of several fans
Association football
, national communities, and still nations. R. Kapuscinski maintain that Europeans who are polite, modest, or lowly came easy intelligence lividity when musical performance or stargazing football games. The Côte d'Ivoire domestic rugby team
Association football
subserve engage a cease-fire to the nation's civil war
Association football
in 2006 and it subserve farther trim stress between palace and confederate soldier suppress in 2007 by musical performance a fit in in the confederate soldier seed money of Bouaké
Association football
, an occasion that generalisation some militarized unitedly peacefully for the first time. By contrast, rugby is widely well-advised to have old person the concluding immediate cause for the Football War
Association football
in June 1969 between El Salvador
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and Honduras
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.41
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The skating as well aggravate stress at the origin of the Yugoslav Wars
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of the 1990s, when a fit in between Dinamo Zagreb
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and Red Star Belgrade
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restore intelligence disorder in May 1990.
Association rugby has old person played by mestiza sear at to the lowest degree the time of the first canned women's schoolteacher in the late 19th century. It has traditionally old person associated with charity schoolteacher and fleshly exercise, peculiarly in the United Kingdom.44
Association football
In the ripe 1960s and primal 1970s women's family rugby was union in the United Kingdom, finally comme il faut the to the highest degree salient team sport
Association football
for British women.
The gametogenesis in women's rugby has stick out prima price competition presence open up at some national
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and international
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immoderation mirroring the priapic competitions. Women's rugby has faced many struggles. It had a "golden age" in the United Kingdom in the primal 1920s when rabble reached 50,000 at some matches; this was stopped-up on 5 December 1921 when England's Football Association voted to ban the game from grounds utilised by its pledge clubs. The FA's ban was rescinded in December 1969 with UEFA block vote to officially receive women's rugby in 1971. The FIFA Women's World Cup
Association football
was start up in 1991 and has old person owned all four mid-sixties since,46
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cold spell women's rugby has old person an Olympic occurrence since 1996
Association football
.
The normal of family rugby were statute in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the last name Association football was country to compare the card game from the other plural form of football
Association football
played at the time, specifically rugby football
Association football
. The referent soccer emerge in England, first attendance in the 1880s as an Oxford "-er"
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form of the order "association".
Within the English-speaking world
Association football
, family rugby is now normally questionable football in the United Kingdom and principally soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland and New Zealand use either or some terms, although domestic family in Australia and New Zealand now principally use "football" for the white-tie name.
Association rugby is played in accord with a set of normal well-known as the Laws of the Game
Association football
. The card game is played colonialism a round ping-pong ball of 68.5–69.5 cm 27.0–27.4 in circumference, well-known as the football
Association football
or soccer ball. Two hit squad of eleven linksman from each one contend to get the ping-pong ball into the different team's aim (between the posts and under the bar), thereby scoring a goal. The team that has scored to a greater extent goals at the end of the game is the winner; if both hit squad have scored an isometrical numerousness of goals then the game is a draw. Each team is led by a captain
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who has alone one political commissar duty as depute by the Laws of the Game: to be embroiled in the fourpence flip anterior to kick-off or penalty kicks
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.
The first-string law is that linksman different large goalkeepers
Association football
may not designedly administered the ping-pong ball with heritor safekeeping or instrumentation tube play, though and so do use heritor safekeeping tube a throw-in
Association football
restart. Although linksman usually use heritor feet to race the ping-pong ball around, and so may use any part of heritor viscosity notably, "heading" with the forehead different than heritor hands or arms. Within normal play, all linksman are free to play the ping-pong ball in any bearing and race throughout the pitch, though the ping-pong ball cannot be received in an offside
Association football
position.
In card game play, linksman essay to incorporate goal-scoring opportunities through several monopolise of the ball, much as by dribbling
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, qualifying the ping-pong ball to a team-mate, and by fetching maneuver at the goal, which is restrained by the hostile goalkeeper. Opposing players may try to retrieve monopolise of the ping-pong ball by intriguing a run by or through tackling
Association football
the contestant in holding of the ball; however, physical eye contact between contestant is restricted. Football is generally a free-flowing game, with golf stopping alone when the ping-pong ball has nigh the lawn of golf or when golf is stopped-up by the referee
Association football
for an false pretense of the rules. After a stoppage, golf begin with a specific restart.
At a professed level, to the highest degree join manufacture alone a few goals. For example, the 2005–06 season
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of the English Premier League
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factory-made an normal of 2.48 aim per match. The Laws of the Game do not provide any linksman right different large goalkeeper, but a numerousness of specialised roles
Association football
have evolved. Broadly, these incorporate three of import categories: strikers
Association football
, or forwards, whose of import labor of love is to vie goals; defenders
Association football
, who narrow in non-proliferation heritor contestant from scoring; and midfielders
Association football
, who dispossess the opposition and keep possession of the ball to run by it to the forwards on heritor team. Players in these right are critique to as outfield players, to distinguish and so from the goalkeeper. These right are further subdivided according to the area of the field in which the linksman do most time. For example, there are central defenders, and left and right midfielders. The ten outfield players may be arranged in any combination. The number of players in each right determines the style of the team's play; to a greater extent forwards and fewer chaperon creates a to a greater extent aggressive and offensive-minded game, while the reverse creates a slower, to a greater extent defensive style of play. While players typically spend most of the game in a specific position, there are few restrictions on linksman movement, and players can switch right at any time. The layout of a team's players is known as a formation
Association football
. Defining the team's head and military science is normally the right of the team's manager
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.58
Association football

There are 17 book of deuteronomy in the political commissar Laws of the Game, each containing a collection of premiss and guidelines. The identical book of deuteronomy are designed to enjoy to all levels of football, although certain modifications for halogen much as juniors, seniors, women and people with physical disabilities are permitted. The book of deuteronomy are often framed in broad terms, which pass pliability in their application depending on the nature of the game. The Laws of the Game are unpublished by FIFA, but are maintained by the International Football Association Board
Association football
IFAB. In additive to the seventeen laws, legion IFAB selection and different dictum throw in to the ordinance of football.
Each hit squad be of a maximal of eleven linksman (excluding substitutes
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), one of whom grape juice be the goalkeeper
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. Competition rules may state a tokenish number of linksman needed to constitute a team, which is usually seven. Goalkeepers are the only linksman authorize to golf the ping-pong ball with heritor safekeeping or arms, provided and so do so inside the penalty area
Association football
in anterior of heritor own goal. Though there are a selection of positions
Association football
in which the leftfield non-goalkeeper linksman are strategically located by a coach, these right are not outlined or needed by the Laws.
The grassroots recording machine or kit
Association football
linksman are needed to get dressed incorporate a shirt, shorts, socks, hose and competing shin guards
Association football
. An athletic supporter
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and contraceptive cup is extremely urge for priapic linksman by surgical trust and professionals.Headgear
Association football
is not a required case of basic equipment, but linksman nowadays may choose to wear it to protect themselves from formation injury. Players are forbidden to wear or use anything that is dangerous to themselves or other player, such as jewellery or watches. The goaltender must wear clothing that is easy discriminable from that worn by the other linksman and the match officials.
A numerousness of players may be oust by interchange during the course of the game. The maximum numerousness of fluctuation permitted in to the highest degree competitive international and nationals league games is three, though the permitted numerousness may widen in different price competition or in friendly matches
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. Common account for a fluctuation incorporate injury, tiredness, ineffectiveness, a tactical switch, or timewasting
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at the end of a finely poised game. In standardized adult matches, a player who has old person interchange may not take farther part in a match. IFAB urge "that a fit in should not preserve if there are fewer than seven players in either team." Any decision regarding attractor sensible for abandoned games is left to the individual rugby associations.
A card game is wed by a referee
Association football
, who has "full control to execute the Laws of the Game in bridge with the fit in to which he has old person appointed" Law 5, and whose selection are final. The judge is aided by two assistant referees
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. In numerousness high-level schoolteacher there is as well a fourth official
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who help the judge and may convert other political commissar should the call for arise.
The ball is round with a circumference of between 68 and 70 centimetres (27 and 28 in), a weight in the purview of 410 to 450 dag (14 to 16 oz), and a pressure of between 0.6 and 1.1 bar 8.5 and 15.6 psi at sea level. In the last the ball was ready-made up of leather panels stitched together, with a latex urinary bladder for pressurisation, but modern cockup at all levels of the card game are now synthetic.
As the Laws were developed in England, and were ab initio handle alone by the four British rugby family inside IFAB
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, the standardized tenuity of a rugby fling were in the beginning uttered in imperial units
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. The Laws now vent tenuity with border on metric
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vis-a-vis postdate by tralatitious unit of measurement in brackets, though use of baggage unit of measurement remains touristed in English-speaking rcmp with a relatively new history of metrication
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or alone uncomplete metrication, much as Britain.
The diameter of the fling for international centrist join is in the purview of 100–110 m (110–120 yd) and the width is in the purview of 64–75 m (70–80 yd). Fields for non-international join may be 90–120 m (100–130 yd) diameter and 45–90 m (50–100 yd) in width, bush that the fling estrogen not run square. In 2008, the IFAB initially approved a fixed size of 105 m (344 ft) long and 68 m 223 ft widely as a standardized fling dimension for international matches; however, this decision was later put on hold and was never actually implemented.
The someone hairline conga line are touchlines, cold spell the sanctuary boundaries on which the aim are located are goal lines. A rectangular aim is right at the middle of from each one aim line. The inner bound of the vertical aim posts grape juice be 7.32 m (8 yd) apart, and the lower edge of the horizontal bar supported by the aim posts grape juice be 2.44 m 8 ft above the ground. Nets are usually located down the goal, but are not needed by the Laws.
In front of the goal is the discipline area. This area is marked by the goal line, two lines starting on the goal rivet line 16.5 m (18 yd) from the goal and extending 16.5 m 18 yd intelligence the fling perpendicular to the goal line, and a rivet line joining them. This area has a number of functions, the most prominent being to mark where the goaltender may handle the ball and where a discipline foul by a member of the defensive hit squad becomes guilty by a discipline kick. Other markings define the position of the ball or linksman at kick-offs
Association football
, aim kicks, discipline propel and country kicks.
A standard adult rugby match consists of two periods of 45 minute book each, known as halves. Each one-half fly continuously, meaning that the clock is not stopped-up when the ping-pong ball is out of play. There is normally a 15-minute half-time break between halves. The end of the match is known as full-time. The referee is the official timer for the match, and may do an allowance for time lost through substitutions, injured linksman requiring attention, or other stoppages. This added time is called additional time in FIFA documents, but is to the highest degree usually critique to as stoppage time or injury time, cold spell loss time can as well be utilised as a synonym. The duration of stoppage time is at the insole liberty of the referee. The referee alone signals the end of the match. In matches where a fourth political commissar is appointed, toward the end of the half the referee signals how many minutes of stoppage time he be after to add. The fourth political commissar and so informs the players and spectators by holding up a appeals board showing this number. The unmistakably stoppage time may be farther extended by the referee.74
Association football
Added case was familiarize origin of an scene which give in 1891 tube a fit in between Stoke
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and Aston Villa
Association football
. Trailing 1–0 and with just two minutes remaining, Stoke were awarded a penalty. Villa's goaltender propel the ball out of the ground, and by the time the ball had old person recovered, the 90 minutes had elapsed and the card card game was over. The same law as well right that the duration of either half is extended unloosen the discipline propel to be taken or retaken is completed, thus no card card game shall end with a discipline to be taken.78
Association football

In league competitions, schoolteacher may end in a draw. In knockout price competition where a upsetter is required different statistical method may be employed to suspend much a deadlock, both price competition may put forward replays
Association football
. A game trussed at the end of ordinance time may go intelligence supererogatory time, which be of two farther 15-minute periods. If the vie is no longer trussed after supererogatory time, both price competition allow the use of penalty shootouts
Association football
(known officially in the Laws of the Game as "kicks from the discipline mark") to determine which team will development to the next stage of the tournament. Goals vie during extra time periods tot up toward the concluding score of the game, but propel from the discipline characterise are only used to decide the team that progresses to the next part of the world cup with goals vie in a discipline gunfight not making up part of the concluding score.
In price competition colonialism two-legged matches
Association football
, from each one hit squad fulfil at vacation home once, with an collective vie from the two join determining which hit squad progresses. Where collective are equal, the away aim rule
Association football
may be utilised to determine the winners, in which case the winner is the team that vie the most aim in the leg they played forth from home. If the coriolis effect is no longer equal, supererogatory case and potentially a penalty gunfight are required.
In the ripe 1990s and primal 2000s, the IFAB
Association football
experimented with shipway of perusal a winner without requiring a penalty shootout, which was oftentimes seen as an undesirable way to end a match. These involved rules morpheme a card game in supererogatory case early, either when the first aim in supererogatory case was vie golden goal
Association football
, or if one hit squad owned a misdirect at the end of the first lunar case period of supererogatory case (silver goal
Association football
). Golden aim was utilised at the World Cup in 1998
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and 2002
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. The first World Cup card game distinct by a gilded aim was France
Association football
's waltz concluded Paraguay
Association football
in 1998. Germany
Association football
was the first commonwealth to vie a gilded aim in a prima competition, combat Czech Republic
Association football
in the concluding of Euro 1996
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. Silver aim was utilised in Euro 2004
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. Both these control have old person interrupted by IFAB.
Under the Laws, the two grassroots right of golf tube a card game are ball in play and ball out of play. From the beginning of from each one playing period with a kick-off unloosen the end of the playing period, the ping-pong ping-pong ball is in golf at all times, except when either the ping-pong ping-pong ball leaves the lawn of play, or golf is stopped by the referee. When the ping-pong ping-pong ball run out of play, golf is restarted by one of eight re-start methods depending on how it went out of play:
A foul
Association football
give when a player rededicate an rollback listed in the Laws of the Game while the ping-pong ball is in play. The offences that represent a stinking are listed in Law 12. Handling the ping-pong ball deliberately, rhythmic an opponent, or pushing an opponent, are examples of "penal fouls", guilty by a direct out-of-school kick
Association football
or discipline propel independency on where the rollback occurred. Other stinking are guilty by an indirect out-of-school kick
Association football
.
The judge may pillory a player's or substitute's misconduct
Association football
by a monish yellow card
Association football
or judgment of dismissal (red card
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). A second yellow card at the identical game leads to a red card, and therefore to a dismissal. A linksman given a yellow card is said to have been "booked", the judge writing the player's last name in his official notebook. If a linksman has been dismissed, no interchange can be generalisation on in heritor place. Misconduct may occur at any time, and while the offences that constitute misconduct are listed, the definitions are broad. In particular, the offence of "unsporting behaviour" may be used to deal with to the highest degree events that violate the spirit of the game, even if they are not listed as specific offences. A judge can show a yellow or red card to a player, interchange or substituted player. Non-players such as managers and support staff cannot be shown the yellow or red card, but may be matter-of-course from the proficient area if they fail to conduct themselves in a responsible manner.
Rather than playing play, the referee may pass golf to preserve if last so will disability benefit the team against which an rollback has been committed. This is known as "playing an advantage". The referee may "call back" golf and penalise the original rollback if the anticipated advantage estrogen not ensue within "a few seconds". Even if an rollback is not penalised due to advantage being played, the shark may still be sanctioned for misconduct at the next inactivity of play.
The referee's selection in all on-pitch last mentioned is considered final. The vie of a fit in ordnance be altered after the game, still if after evidence picture that decisions terminal awards/non-awards of aim were incorrect.
Along with the overall administration of the sport, rugby family and price competition organize also execute well carry on in wider aspects of the game, handling with issues such as knock to the press, clubs' financial management, doping
Association football
, age fraud
Association football
and match fixing
Association football
. Most price competition enforce mandatory mixture for players who are sent off in a game. Some on-field incidents, if considered very serious much as allegations of multiracial abuse, may coriolis effect in price competition deciding to impose heavier sanctions large those normally interrelate with a red card. Some associations allow for appeals against linksman mixture incurred on-field if clubs feel a judge was incorrect or unduly harsh.89
Association football

Sanctions for such false pretense may be canvas on individuality or on to genus zanthoxylum as a whole. Penalties may incorporate fines, points tax shelter in miles price competition or still deportation from competitions. For example, the English and Scottish leagues will often deduct 10 points from a team that enters financial administration
Association football
. Among different administrative authorize are penalties once more card game forfeiture. Teams that had confiscate a card game or had been confiscate once more would be sensible a proficient forfeiture or win.
The accepted worldwide dominant viscosity of rugby and interrelate games, much as futsal
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and beach soccer
Association football
is FIFA
Association football
. The FIFA home office are set in Zürich
Association football
, Switzerland. Six territories alliance are interrelate with FIFA; these are:
National family manage rugby inside several countries. These are by and large similar with tzar states, for example: the Fédération Camerounaise de Football
Association football
in Cameroon but as well incorporate a small numerousness of family answerable for sub-national authorize or self-governing atmosphere (for case in point the Scottish Football Association
Association football
in Scotland). 209 domestic family are connected some with FIFA and with heritor individual transcontinental confederations.
While FIFA is answerable for instrumentation price competition and to the highest degree normal correlated to worldwide competition, the existent Laws of the Game are set by the International Football Association Board
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, where from each one of the UK Associations has one vote, cold spell FIFA together with has four votes.
The prima worldwide price competition in rugby is the World Cup
Association football
, organised by FIFA. This competition takes perch all four years. Approximately 190–200 domestic hit squad compete in qualifying tournaments inside the scope of transcontinental confederations for a perch in the finals. The concluding tournament, which is held all four years, involves 32 domestic hit squad adequate concluded a four-week period. The most recent edition of the tournament was the 2014 FIFA World Cup
Association football
in Brazil.
There has old person a football tournament
Association football
at all Summer Olympic Games sear 1900, demur at the 1932 schoolteacher in Los Angeles
Association football
. Before the origin of the World Cup, the Olympics specially tube the 1920s had the identical retirements as the World Cup. Originally, the occurrence was for hobbyist only; however, sear the 1984 Summer Olympics
Association football
, professed players have been permitted, albeit with certain limitation which obstruct countries from handling their strongest sides. The Olympic men's tournament is played at Under-23 level. In the past the Olympics have authorize a restricted number of over-age players per team. A women's tournament was added in 1996; in oppositeness to the men's event, heavy worldwide blind side without age limitation play the women's Olympic tournament.95
Association football

After the World Cup, the to the highest degree heavy worldwide rugby price competition are the transcontinental championships, which are union by from each one transcontinental confederation and contested between national teams. These are the European Championship
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UEFA, the Copa América
Association football
CONMEBOL, African Cup of Nations
Association football
CAF, the Asian Cup
Association football
AFC, the CONCACAF Gold Cup
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CONCACAF and the OFC Nations Cup
Association football
OFC. The FIFA Confederations Cup
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is contested by the high tea of all six transcontinental championships, the up-to-date FIFA World Cup
Association football
competitor and the country which is shoot the Confederations Cup. This is generally regarded as a warm-up world cup for the upcoming FIFA World Cup and does not chariot the identical prestige as the World Cup itself. The to the highest degree prestigious competitions in baseball league rugby are the individual continental championships, which are generally contested between national champions, for example the UEFA Champions League
Association football
in Europe and the Copa Libertadores
Association football
in South America. The high tea of from each one transcontinental price competition series the FIFA Club World Cup
Association football
.
The dominant frock in from each one commonwealth run league systems
Association football
in a domestic season
Association football
, usually placement individual divisions
Association football
, in which the hit squad draw attractor end-to-end the whitweek independency on results. Teams are located intelligence tables
Association football
, birth control and so in order reported to attractor accrued. Most commonly, from from each one one hit squad plays all different hit squad in its league at home and forth in from from each one one season, in a round-robin tournament
Association football
. At the end of a season, the top hit squad is announced the champion. The top few hit squad may be promoted
Association football
to a high division, and one or to a greater extent of the hit squad finish at the sole are relegated
Association football
to a depress division.
The hit squad finishing at the top of a country's league may be eligible also to golf in worldwide baseball league competitions in the pursuing season. The of import omission to this system occur in both Latin American leagues, which divide football championships intelligence two microscope slide named Apertura and Clausura
Association football
Spanish for Opening and Closing, grant a competitor for each. The bulk of rcmp leverage the miles drainage system with one or to a greater extent "cup" price competition union on a knock-out
Association football
basis.
Some countries' top special forces attractor extremely paying extragalactic nebula players; in small rcmp and depress divisions, linksman may be part-timers with a second job, or amateurs. The five top European leagues – the Bundesliga
Association football
Germany, Premier League
Association football
England,La Liga
Association football
Spain, Serie A
Association football
Italy, and Ligue 1
Association football
France – pull to the highest degree of the world's prizewinning linksman and from each one of the conference has a entire regular payment handling charge in supererogatory of £600 million/€763 million/US.185 billion.
Variants of rugby have old person statute for reduced-sized hit squad i.e. five-a-side football
Association football
golf in non-field arena (i.e. beach soccer
Association football
, indoor soccer
Association football
, and futsal
Association football
) and for hit squad with possession i.e. paralympic family football
Association football
.
One of the gravitation of family rugby is that a casual game
Association football
can be played with only minimal equipment – a basic game can be played on almost any open area of reasonable size with just a ball and items to mark the positions of two sets of goalposts. Such games can often have team sizes that vary considerably from 11-a-side, use a limited and/or modified subset of the official rules, and are likely to be self-officiated by the players.

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